Introduction: Overview and Summary Statements
Abortion, as the name suggests, means abort of finish, miscarriage. An act of immediate slaughter of a human before the baby is born. For the past two decades, the issue has been debated regarding ethical and moral concerns. To date, no convincing result could be procured. Instead, it emerged as the most contentious of all the current contemporary societal concerns of the present century (“Ethics of Abortion: Is it Moral or Immoral to Have an Abortion”).
Life is present in the fetus since the moment of conception. With the act of abortion, the creature divests from the endurance, and hence it is corresponding to murder. A few religions, including Christianity, well support it. Abortion has been discussed since ancient times, and Aristotle described his thoughts on the subject as “delayed ensoulment.” According to Ted Lockhart, “acts that we have the highest trust are morally acceptable.” This argument is known as the argument of “moral certainty.” Every mother has the right to decide on the birth of a child. Therefore Ted Lockhart’s suggestion served to deal with abortion as a practical solution in contrast to the moral issues (“Introduction to the abortion debate”).
Women are the choice maker as under a given circumstances women are the best judge to nurture the fetus and later the child with utmost care and devotion, lacking it might culminate in a child’s psychological issues. In the current situation where women are contributing equally to economic growth and development, continuing pregnancy can impede career growth. It is essential to understand that the personal ethics of women are imperative to pursue pregnancy. Moreover, the anatomy of the body should also allow the continuity of the pregnancy, especially at the later stages of life when the female cannot afford to continue with the pregnancy and hence termination of pregnancy should be allowed. It is not acceptable to give birth to an unwanted infant and to raise the child with the least difficulty. In some instances conception could be the result of contraceptive failure or a woman may not be prepared for; such cases demand legalization of abortion (“Ethics of Abortion: Is it Moral or Immoral to Have an Abortion”).
III. Scientific Basis
Pregnancy can not occur without a male partner; the father’s consent is necessary before the child is aborted. If the father agrees to take up the responsibility of the child, women gain confidence. In the present age, when relationships are weak, women do not want to have any responsibility to give up their profession or their liberty. Nowadays living relations are prevailing, and under such links, the couple does not like to enter into some kind of bonding related to the child.
Abortion is an issue that is now opted to get rid of unwanted pregnancies. Ultimately it is the women who have to go through the pain of continuing pregnancy and delivering a baby, taking up the responsibilities of rearing and upbringing the baby along with the daily chores, preparing the baby to be a responsible individual by making changes, adjustments, as well as an alteration in her routine, maybe with/without family support.
There is nothing called pro-life. Health and well-being of the mother directly influence the welfare of the baby. If the mother is not prepared mentally to carry the pregnancy and if she is forced to continue with the pregnancy, then its repercussions may directly influence the health and development of the baby. If the mother does not want the child, then she should not continue with the pregnancy. Delivering a baby with unsound mental health would be all the more traumatic as it is accompanied by regular duties (“Pros and Cons of Abortion”).
It would be better for the legislative authorities to legalize the abortion. The decision to opt for abortion varies from person to person as for some abortion could be traumatic while for others giving birth to an unwanted child and bearing all responsibilities could be more traumatic. One rule cannot hold for all situations and every individual. The psychological strength and supportive conditions also pave the way in a woman’s life to opt for abortion. The decision of the lady should be respected as she has to carry her life and responsibilities further and directly influence the life of the child her frustration could hamper the development of the child (“Pros and Cons of Abortion”).
Biologically speaking abortion could be performed only in the first trimester when the placenta attaches the fetus. The health of the fetus, therefore, depends on the health of the mother. The notion of personhood is diverse from the idea of human life. Unless the fetus leads a separate and independent living, abortion cannot be correlated with the murder. Abortion, a medical procedure possesses less than 0.5% jeopardy of serious impediments, is mostly carried out for unwanted pregnancies and is mainly carried out for unmarried women (“10 Abortion Arguments: 10 Arguments For Abortion, 10 Arguments Against Abortion”).
Incidence like rape or incest, where a woman is forcefully made pregnant due to violent act, results in psychological harm and grave implications. As most of the rape victims are minors, so it becomes essential to safeguard the future of the girl using abortion. Besides, the trauma of carrying a baby of rapist further hampers the psyche and well being of the lady. Abortion in such a condition becomes a compulsion to save the prestige and self-respect (“10 Abortion Arguments: 10 Arguments For Abortion, 10 Arguments Against Abortion”).
Teenage pregnancy is becoming an essential issue in European nations. Pregnant teens are not only putting their life at stake by abandoning their studies and jobs, but are also being an irresponsible parent. They need some support both financially as well as morally to rear their babies. Such situation could result in stress; to avoid anxiety and depression abortion is the safety measure to relieve the uninvited range of problems (“10 Abortion Arguments: 10 Arguments For Abortion, 10 Arguments Against Abortion”).
Technical advances enable physicians to find out if any complications, syndromes or any anomaly is persisting in the unborn baby. If there exist some teratogenic defect or any incurable disease, then abortion is always a safe method to prevent a complicated child who is bound to lead a miserable life and also make the experience of associates miserable.
Emotional bonding is developed between the mother and the child, and it becomes difficult for the lady to choose abortion as the option to get rid of unwanted pregnancy. It is a cruel act to kill an unborn individual. The most compelling argument states that as abortion is for unplanned pregnancies, but it could be extended to childbirth which may prove to be beneficial as the child can reconcile the broken relationships. A growing fetus has the right to survive and therefore, should not be killed. Repeated abortion may lead to health hazards. Abortion may result in severe psychological mutilation or impairments. Abortion may lead to depression and guilt (“Pros and Cons of Abortion”).
As the life onsets with fertilization of the egg, so abortion is parallel to murder since it involves an act of taking away life. As a civilized society cannot permit any of its inhabitants to harm or kill another individual, so abortion is not allowed. The unborn baby has not done any harm and is not liable for any kind of punishment. There are serious health hazards of abortion such as augmentation of ectopic pregnancies, miscarriages and pelvic inflammatory condition. Primarily, abortion should not be used as a means of contraception. A woman should have control over her body, and unwanted pregnancy could be prevented using contraception. Ladies opting for abortion are often minor, immature, lack knowledge of life and repent upon their haste decision for abortion. Abortion culminates depression, guilt and takes years of medication to overcome emotional trauma, leading to the altered psyche and serious complications. A woman may teach fear and aversion towards the society, a direct implication on her well being (“Pros and Cons of Abortion(a)”).
In some instances, girls have to leave their houses, witness low-income family and partner support, cause distress towards relationships. Abortion may become the cause of the infection in the womb preventing further chances of pregnancy; produce blocked fallopian tubes, weakened cervix and uterine scattering ensuing surgical procedure for complete cure. Pregnancies after abortion may result in babies with severe disabilities (“Pros and Cons of Abortion(a)”).
Student Position on the Debate
Abortion poses ethical, societal, and therapeutic predicament that blend up poignant answers among disputants. Abortion is a topic of two views, namely choice and survival.
Conclusion and Historical Significance
It is necessary to clarify that humans form a society, and persons only modulate all ethics and morals. Still, when the help is genuinely desired, it remains unattended. Therefore in the present situation, women have adopted abortion as the means to safeguard themselves from all worries and lead a life of respect and dignity. Women of today have understood the severity and the consequences of continuing with the unwanted pregnancies, and they do want to lead a happy life and not a breath of shame and guilt, it is, therefore, abortion has emerged as the most contemporary moral issue today. Depending upon the preparedness of women and considering the rights of the fetus it is personal outlook, but one must find the financial burden of one more child, the exponential growth phase of the population burden that the planet can bear and therefore unwanted pregnancies must be prevented by abortion.
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