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Imaging Japanese America: The Visual Construction of Citizenship, Nation, and the Body

by Suleman

Social Science


If we analyzed the social science then we come to know that as a science born out of modernity, current sociology has long wrestle with its hypothetical and practical locations. Modern sociology is also criticised for its failure to develop certain theories in relation to the social globe, having taken the normal sciences as its norm in terms of generating real, generalizable and prognostic hypotheses. This study is no doubt, fraught at the beginning. This type of hypothetical knowledge can not be created by social science and neither should it be attempted because the individual world is far too multifaceted and our sympathy for it is always dependent on context. He goes on to suggest that what is required is not a turn into post-positivist or post-modernist reductionism, but a different way of conceptualising social science so that it can reclaim its place as a rational, thought-provoking action.

In addition, this subject of Japanese Americans and World War II is obviously the most published episode of Asian American storytelling and possibly the most remembered past event of importance by modern Americans to Asian Americans. In both books and popular discourse, this reminiscence is perpetuated to an overwhelming degree by many who, like Myers, stress the history to protect the future.

Imaging Japanese America: The Visual Construction of Citizenship, Nation, and the Body

Japanese American

A spatial clarification of the Japanese American incarceration tale would produce new signs to these separated ends, literally, new road signs directly to that unremembered facial presence of the Southwestern landscape directly to the whole Americans. These narratives require the creation of new chart modalities to meet, from side to side, the available landmarks that require social agendas, identities are open, and precise desires are elicited. These narratives have to advance the vision of the tourist at an essential level. Tourists often reduce the Southwest countryside to something inspiring, religious, or beneficial, all based on images of the sun, desert, blue skies, dramatic gorge lands and mesas, cacti and coyotes, adobe structural design, living Indians, and extra symbols of a civilization that is unlike. But the landscape of Southwest is also supposed to be evocative tourists and others of that appalling Thing, the custody, in addition to such bearers of attitude and civilization.

Internment Activities

We might think that this facing up to the terrible thing is a charming position by the sum of novel literature faithful to the internment. Of course, there is an increasingly increasing body of literature on this awareness of Japanese America. For eg, the key Japanese American internment narrative series,

It exemplifies a number of internment voices; diaries, letters, articles, poetry, and biographies for interns; and details accounts as well as approved comments from the government. There have been repeated sequential analyses of Japanese American wartime knowledge and orientation guides in the overview. These comprise the Japanese American History Encyclopedia and the Japanese American Internment during World War II. Additionally, we have had more than a few more person reports of the internment camps in the previous decade, and the list is already rising.

Historical Background

Japanese expansion in the Pacific was protested by the USA at the beginning of 1941. Japan’s northern Indo-China profession prompted the United States to restrain Japan, which was kept up by the British and Dutch. Via Japan, the USA finalised its trade deal and agreed on additional loans to China. A major tragedy and an argument were compounded by a full halt on all petroleum goods by the US, the British and the Netherlands. Thus, Japan was offered the choice of either loyalty to the US or the use of military action to safeguard the new oil and raw material supplies. In comparison, Japan took a second choice and eventually included her in the battle. Japan and its supporters have waged countless wars to accomplish their particular political aims.

Technological Development

The key to victory in the pacific war was the application of the country’s vast resources to war production. They enjoyed a marked technological superiority during the war in the Pacific, particularly in the later stages. American and British technology when deployed on the battlefield or at sea, tended to outperform those of their Japanese counter part. By 1943, several superior types of fine designed air craft were in mass production, notably the P-38 lightening, the P-47 thunder Bolt and the P-51 Mustang .The twine engine P38 the Navies F4Ucorsair and F6Fhellcat proved excellent. Many heavy bombers like, the B-17 Flying Fortress, the B-24 Liberator, and the B29 supper Fortress were unmatched in ruggedness and ability to penetrate enemy defence.

The transport planes, like the c-47 and c-54 were two of the numerous categories. By the year 1944 the allies plane production rose to 96000.By 1945, Americans could call upon helicopters for pilot rescue .The US Navy and Marine force were urbanized by means of the similar pace as that in the field of the air force The concluding shape of technological advantage was show during the creation of nuclear bomb and its victorious drop over the Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On other hand, Japanese could not pace with the technological development with her enemy camp. Although they began the war with superior fighter like, the’ Zeros” and a more effective oxygen powered torpedoes, but they were unable to maintain such qualitative supremacy as the United states switched to a national war footing. Japan’s war financial system was previously stretched to a contravention point by its effort to fight by means of the industrial ability of the United States.

Lessons Learnt

The following lessons could be drawn from the above discussions:

  • Determination

At the extremely beginning of Pacific campaign, the allied forces were caught by means of total revelation. Having a muscular will and strength of mind the allied forces intense on humanizing tactics and strategies to oppose and defeat the Japanese forces.

  • Control of The Air

Gaining required degree of control of the air and uphold the similar is precondition to any victorious air operation. Japanese capitalised from their original control of air, while the allied achievement at the afterward part of the campaign was needy on their air dominance.

  • Surprise

Accumulation attack when combined by means of revelation gives the best consequence. Attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese is a unique instance of surprise.

  • Centralised Command and Decentralised Execution

Throughout the Pacific campaign, the Japanese were lacking to demonstrate this very key element. Soon after the attack on Pearl Harbour, Nagumo wanted to continue for second wave, but Admiral Yamamoto opposed this plan.

  • Reach

American perceived no threat at Pearl Harbor. Japanese thought their mainland was much secured. Both were proved wrong and had to pay the price. The air war in the Pacific once again proved the fact that, to air power no target is invincible.

  • Intelligence

The mainly significant contribution throughout the campaign was the US Army Code breakers, which interrupt the largest part of the Japanese communications. This permissible the Allies to gather mainly of the information of their enemies in go forward and took all corrective deed for counter.

  • Technological Development

Technology can help in achieving surprise and alone can be sufficient to change the course of war, as was shown by the B-29 bombers and the dropping of atomic bomb in the Japanese main land.

  • Mobilization of Industry

There was extensive interference and control of industry by the military. This stifled industrial initiative and weakened the economy. On the other hand, the Allied could mobilise their full industrial capacity on the basis of partnership.

  • Complacency

Americans thought Pearl Harbour could not be attacked because of the distance; on the other side the Japanese thought their mainland was very secure. Both were proved wrong and each side paid very badly during the Pacific wars.

  • Mass and Concentration

Japan concentrated their full potential during attack on pearl harbour and the attack was successful. The Allied effort in the Strategic Bombing provided a good example of concentration of effort and using mass at the correct time and place.

  • Joint Operation

The effort of Japanese Army and Navy was not in support of each other and was almost uncoordinated. The allies’ could synergistically utilised all the forces available to them, towards the same objective.


In the pacific war, both side exploited air power to defeat each other. It is true that the initial situation was favorable to the Japanese. At the beginning, the Japanese fruitfully exploited the significant standard of war surprise during swift unpleasant air operations and better technology but lastly they could not uphold sustainability and failed to uphold the control of air in the later part. The war preparation and use of air power by Japanese were not suitable. The Japanese could not correctly appreciate the characteristics of air power and could not build up an effective home defence. The Allies turned the tide by concentration of air power in time and space. The allies had better comprehension on the attributes of air power, which enabled them to secure control of the air, locally at first, and then more generally, even throughout the Japanese homeland. Along with the technical surprise of the nuclear bomb, both of the aforementioned considerations opened the way for the Allies to accomplish the desired achievement and end the Second World War.

Work Cited:
  • Creef, Elena Tajima. Imaging Japanese America: The Visual Construction of Citizenship, Nation, and the Body. New York: NYUP, 2004.

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